Accounting Terms You Should Know



It appears to be that each industry has its own mystery language. Furthermore, realizing the language is a passage point into the internal circle—a signal that you genuinely have a place. So in case you’re beginning to consider seeking after a vocation in accounting, your initial step is to acclimate yourself with a portion of the essential bookkeeping terms, abbreviations, and shortenings in the field. 

Along these lines, in case you’re experiencing difficulty understanding your Mentone accountant, or any bookkeeper for that matter, here are a few terms that could assist you with understanding them better: 





A credit is a bookkeeping section that is made on the right side of any bookkeeping exchange. A credit section will build a liability or equity account, while it will diminish an asset account. 


Fixed Expenses

Fixed expenses are steady costs, similar to lease or pay rates. These costs aren’t commonly influenced by organizational deals or market patterns. 


Liability (L) 

All obligations that an organization presently can’t seem to pay are alluded to as Liabilities. Regular liabilities incorporate Accounts Payable, Payroll, and Loans. 


Debit (DR) 

Debit (DR) definition: A bookkeeping section where there is either an expansion in resources or a lessening in liabilities on an organization’s monetary record. 



Depreciation speaks to the amount of a specific resource that has been utilized over some undefined time frame. 

There are various sorts of depreciation, and the most basic strategy is straight-line depreciation. It permits you to report equivalent depreciation cost every year until the advantage has completely deteriorated. 

Other depreciation techniques incorporate declining balance, double-declining balance, and sum-of-the-year’s digits. 


Variable Expenses

Variable expenses vary with organization production and creation, similar to utilities and raw materials. 


Cost Of Goods Sold (COGS) 

Cost of Goods Sold are the costs that straightforwardly identify with the making of an item or administration. Excluded from this classification are those costs that are expected to maintain the business. A instance of COGS would be the expense of materials, or the direct labor to offer a service. 



Diversification definition: The way toward designating or expanding capital investments into varied resources to evade over-exposure to uncertainty. 



Equity is the proprietor’s stake in a business. 

Equity is estimated by measuring the distinction between assets and liabilities recorded on your balance sheet. The distinction speaks to the worth of your business, which can be a positive or negative number. On the off chance that your value is a negative number, your business loses worth. 


Accrued Expenses 

Accrued expenses are single costs that have been recorded or detailed yet not yet paid. (These would fall under accounts payable) 


Gross Margin (GM) 

Gross Margin is a rate determined by taking Gross Profit and dividing by Revenue for a similar period. It speaks to the profitability of an organization after deducting the Cost of Goods Sold. 


Enrolled Agent (EA) 

Enrolled Agent (EA) definition: A tax proficient who serves citizens in issues where they are managing the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). 


Financial Statements 

Financial Statements are intended to report the monetary accomplishment of your organization and are utilized by investors, analysts, and banks to decide the business’ budgetary well-being. The essential three financial statements are: 

  • Balance Sheet
  • Income Statement
  • Cash Flow Statement



Operating Expenses

Operating expenses are important for an organization to work together and create income, similar to lease, utilities, finance, and utilities. 


Gross Profit (GP) 

Gross Profit shows the productivity of an organization in dollars, without considering overhead costs. It is determined by deducting the Cost of Goods Sold from Revenue for a similar period. 


While you’ll probably keep on running into different new words, expressions, and abbreviations, getting to know these top bookkeeping terms can go far towards making you substantially more comfortable with the bookkeeping cycle.